Monday, 16 November 2015

A new Curator at Wisley

Matthew Pottage, at Chelsea, May 2015
I'm delighted to report that my friend Matthew Pottage has been appointed Curator of RHS Garden Wisley. It's been an unbroken ascent from student to the top job, which in itself is a tribute to both his qualities and the perception by RHS management of an asset to be nurtured and retained. The plantsmanship he brings has been evident in the areas in his charge for several years, and we can look forward to the garden going from strength to strength under his leadership. Great opportunities are in the pipeline as the new masterplan for the site is unfurled, and Matt is just the person to drive the changes forward. Congratulations - and good luck!

Thursday, 12 November 2015

Mark Flanagan, MVO, VMH, 1959-2015

Mark Flanagan talking about one of his beloved rhododendrons, at a meeting of the RHS Woody Plant Committee, March 2014.
Yesterday afternoon, at an intensely emotional funeral, we said goodbye to Mark Flanagan, Keeper of the Gardens at Windsor Great Park (The Royal Landscape), and Chairman of the RHS Woody Plant Committee. Having been apparently hale and hearty until then, in mid-September he suffered a seizure and subsequent heart attacks, from which he never regained consciousness until his death on 24 October.

Mark was thoroughly decent and likeable, a superb plantsman at the pinnacle of his profession and powers, respected by all who knew him. He started his horticultural career as an apprentice in the Manchester Parks Department, and then went on to undertake the horticultural diploma course at RBG Edinburgh, where he met his wife Lesley - and where he had already decided on his dream job: to be Keeper of the Gardens at Windsor Great Park. In due course he did just that, succeeding the legendary John Bond in 1997, but in the interim worked first at Kew and then Wakehurst Place, where he became Deputy Curator.

It was his great fortune, paradoxically, to be at Wakehurst when the Great Storm of 1987 struck. The devastation it caused at both Kew and Wakehurst Place was the impetus for a series of collecting expeditions to provide new specimens to rejuvenate the collections - and this catalysed a remarkable collecting partnership and deep friendship between Mark and his counterpart at Kew, Tony Kirkham.

A duo immortalised on  a plant label (at RBG Edinburgh): Tricyrtis formosana was collected in Taiwan in 1992. Their Taiwanese collaborator, Dr Pan, held such a high regard for Mark that he flew to England to be at the funeral.
Mark and Tony first travelled together to South Korea in 1989; trips to Taiwan, the Russian Far East, Japan and China all followed. On each they made significant collections of seed of plants of all kinds, from which many of the trees are now becoming quite large and imposing, and which will continue to increase in stature and beauty. Their adventures on these expeditions are chronicled in the first of their two co-authored books, Plants from the Edge of the World (Timber Press, 2005). Throughout their travels their principle inspiration was Ernest Wilson, the great English plant hunter who did so much to bring the diversity of the Chinese flora to western gardens. On a trip to Sichuan in 2001 it was his encyclopaedic knowledge of the gardening literature that led Mark to realise that a (by then dead) huge old Cunninghamia was the same tree as that photographed by Wilson in 1908, reproduced by Bean. This extraordinary revelation sparked a further series of travels in which the two attempted to find locations visited by Wilson, and where possible, take a photograph from the same spot. Although much has changed in China, much remains, and the comparative images, published together in their book Wilson's China (Kew Publishing, 2009), are incredible. In many cases the same trees are easily recognisable, even when they are just components of the landscape, not to mention the set piece images of magnificent veterans. They had recently extended this project to cover Wilson's travels in Japan: Tony assured us yesterday that he will complete this project.

The two books by 'Flanagan & Kirkham'. In addition, Mark contributed many well-written articles to the horticultural press.
 As so often is the case, one learns more about someone at the funeral than one ever knew in life. We were privileged yesterday to hear two magnificent eulogies of Mark. Tony Kirkham spoke of things horticultural and their travels, while Callum Flanagan spoke powerfully of his father the family man - 'the perfect male role model.' The standing ovation he received was a tribute not only to an extraordinary eulogy bravely delivered, but to its subject and his family.

Tributes had also come from the highest places. As soon as she heard of Mark's illness the Queen appointed him a Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO), an honour exclusively in her gift, and this was presented at Mark's bedside in Harefield Hospital. Horticulture was slower to respond, but rather remarkably, the Royal Horticultural Society broke with 118 years of tradition to posthumously award Mark the highest accolade in horticulture, the Victoria Medal of Honour (VMH), news broken by Tony Kirkham in his eulogy. The VMH can be held by only 63 living recipients at any time and there is no doubt that as he approached the level of elder statesman it would have come to Mark: but now his name is inscribed on that list of the greats of horticulture, as it should be.

Spring in the Valley Gardens; Mark's responsibilities in The Royal Landscape covered the Savill and Valley Gardens, and the private garden around Frogmore House. The very highest standards of horticulture were maintained in them all.

Meliosma veitchiorum, one of the 'aristocrats of the garden', grown from seed collected by Mark in Sichuan, growing in the Savill Garden (bad phone photo from yesterday morning). The first shoot ever to be cut from it adorned his coffin, alongside the long infructescences of another SICH plant, Pterocarya macroptera subsp. insignis and fine Rhododendron foliage.

The wreath from Kew was made up by the unofficial wreath-maker there, Carlos Magdalena, using plants collected by Mark and Tony, and other Chinese species. The 'roses' are created from ginkgo and maple leaves. (Img. Carlos Magdalena)
Other tributes will undoubtedly be paid, and commemorations made, but no plantsman could wish for a better memorial than that of gardens stocked with plants he has collected and grown on, and Mark Flanagan's plants are to be found in gardens all over the country. I hope that this, and their rich memories, will be a solace to his family, Lesley, Callum and Sophie, and his very many grieving friends.

Our England is a garden, and such gardens are not made
By singing: "Oh how beautiful"and sitting in the shade
While better men than we go out and start their working lives
At grubbing weeds from gravel-paths with broken dinner-knives.

Sunday, 18 October 2015

Autumn tints in the border

Geranium pratense 'Plenum Violaceum'
A few details of leaves of herbaceous plants, on a damp dull day - not all autumn colours come from woody plants.

Euphorbia 'Excalibur'

Sarracenia flava

unknown umbellifer

Roscoea humeana

Sanguisorba cv.

Rhubarb 'Champagne'

Persicaria amplexicaulis 'JS Caliente'

Persicaria runcinata 'Purple Fantasy' (It's interesting that these members of the Polygonaceae all show good colours.)

Sunday, 11 October 2015

Autumn light

Dahlia 'Mary Evelyn' (and Symphyotrichum 'Nicholas'): the dahlia has 'grown on me' through the season.
With the exception of a couple of wet days early last week the weather lately has been consistently pleasant, with a cool misty morning giving way to lovely warm sunshine. In consequence the lighting effects in the garden have been delightful - these are a few attempts at capturing some of them this weekend.

Aster 'Cotswold Gem' - an outstanding selection by Bob Brown.
Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 'Primrose Upward', Aconitum 'Spatlese', Acer cissifolium behind.

Aconitum 'Royal Flush'

Morning on my study window view: Aruncus 'Horatio' and Symphyotrichum novi-belgii 'Dusky Maid' are prominent.

Calamagrostis emodensis

Eryngium serra

Euphorbia ceratocarpa

Helianthus 'Carine' - a shorter version of 'Lemon Queen', highly recommended.

Sanguisorba 'Cangshan Cranberry'

Galanthus reginae-olgae

Friday, 25 September 2015

Autumn sunshine

Helianthus salicifolius 'Bitter Chocolate', a great introduction from Bob Brown.

Helianthus 'Lemon Queen' with Solidago 'Fireworks'
Looking across the garden from "main" to "drive" border

...and the opposite way.

The first Painted Lady in the garden this year, on Symphyotrichum novae-angliae 'Rosa Sieger'

Dahlia 'Twyning's Revel'

Echeveria Compton Carousel

Geranium 'Anne Thomson', with Matt Bishop's superb Linaria hybrid

Persicaria Orange Field continues to improve, alongside Dahlia 'Freya's Paso Doble' and Monarda 'Gewitterwolke'

Wednesday, 12 August 2015

A day out in the East Riding

Waterlilies on the lake at Burnby Hall
I had a friend, Troy Marden from Nashville, Tennessee, staying at the weekend, and on Sunday took him out for a trip round the East Riding of Yorkshire, south and east of here. First stop was Burnby Hall in Pocklington, where the famous feature is a lake with an extensive collection of waterlilies, but it is set in pleasant and well-maintained grounds with a diversity of different garden styles. The waterlilies were looking lovely, with many classic cultivars forming big patches, but although it's National Plant Collection of Nymphaea it is sadly lacking in modern cultivars, so by no means displays the full spectrum of colours and habits. There is an excellent little museum there too, commemorating the life and travels of Major Percy Stewart and his wife Katharine, former owners of the Hall and creators of the lake and gardens.

Nymphaea 'Juliana'

I've never seen such a floriferous Romneya coulteri as this patch in the Victorian Garden at Burnby Hall - quite magnificent.

It was a great surprise to see Incarvillea olgae in the Victorian Garden - it's a very unusual plant.

The next port of call was Mires Beck Nursery, North Cave, which grows both ornamental perennials and a very wide assortment of native wildflowers sourced from Yorkshire stock. We've had many thousands of their plugs to put in at the arboretum, but I'd never visited the nursery, and I needed to pick up some cowslips, so it was a good opportunity to look in. Mires Beck is far more than just a nursery, being a registered charity offering work and training for people with learning difficulties and other disabilities, and in addition to the usual appurtenances of a nursery there are several nicely kept garden areas and a modern building with a big hall. It's definitely a cause worthy of support and we will continue to buy our wildflowers from them.

A planter at Mires Beck Nursery with an attractive combination of native and 'garden' plants - Euphorbia myrsinites being most conspicuous. 

Burton Agnes Hall from the east. The globe sculpture in the pool spins round, slowly and elegantly .
From Mires Beck we made our way to Burton Agnes Hall, situated in the Wolds between Driffield and Bridlington. It's a beautiful brick-built Elizabethan/Jacobean house, dating to 1598-1610, and has some beautiful architectural features and superb interiors.Most remarkable of all is the extraordinary art collection, with works by an array of great artists across the centuries, and some very fine work by less well-known painters too. As an indication of the quality the interpretation panels don't even mention the Renoir or Gauguin.

The site is intimate - no vast park here, with the walled garden close by the house, outbuildings and church not far away, and a beautiful Jacobean gatehouse at the main entrance. Adjacent to the house e are lawns and clipped topiary, with a formal pool on the east side, but the walled garden is the centrepiece. Divided into various sections, it is full of interest and diversity, and very charming, but one feels it's past its best and needs refreshing. A thorough overhaul of the large shrubs would be a good start. But the potager is actively maintained, with good vegetables coming on amongst lots of annuals.

A fringe of hydrangeas around the skirt of the house complement the mellow brickwork. 

The house through a fringe of hollyhocks in the walled garden.

There is no ornamental plant with foliage of this colour and magnificence - we need to bring red cabbages into foliage schemes. 

It was good to see a fine patch of the old Sahin selection of Amaranthus cruentus, 'Hot Biscuits'

and I was delighted to see handsome specimens of Dipsacus laciniatus, having a liking for teasels...

The penultimate stop of the day was the chalk cliffs of Flamborough Head, still with abundant kittiwakes on their nests, and gannets flying past in files.

A huddle of harebells on the very edge of the cliff.

And finally - the Rudston monolith, the tallest (7.6 m) Neolithic standing stone in Britain, also reputed to have a dinosaur footprint visible, but this takes a bit of imagining.